list of byronic heroes Byronic Heroes: Examples of the Desirable Bad Boys of Literature

list of byronic heroes Byronic Heroes: Examples of the Desirable Bad Boys of Literature

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Medb hErenn as Byronic Hero

Heroic & Dark Fantasy and Science Fiction Character created by Kevin L. O’Brien

Sif, © by Adi Granov

Srikandi, © by Admira Wijayadi

Medb hErenn As Byronic Heroecently, Kevin L. O’Brien was doing research to figure out the nature and characteristics of Gothic literature, when he discovered the concept of the Byronic Hero . It struck him immediately that his character, Medb hErenn, met most, if not all, of the characteristics for this classically Gothic trope. However, unlike influences he forgot or which acted subconsciously, Mr. O’Brien is confident he had never encountered the idea of the Byronic Hero before, so Medb’s near perfect match was serendipitous.

That Medb fits the role of Byronic Hero should come as no surprise. The Byronic Hero is a form of anti-hero , and was one of the major influences for the modern form of this type of character. Mr. O’Brien deliberately patterned Medb’s development so she would be an anti-hero, so it would be natural that she would fit some characteristics. However, she fits more than just a few; she fits so many in fact that it stretches credulity that she would conform so closely by accident. Yet that seems to be the case.

Naturally, the most serious objection to the claim that Medb could be a Byronic Hero is that all known Byronic Heroes are men. Yet at least one scholar has suggested that Victorian literature also created what could be called the Byronic Heroine, though she does admit they are rare. Several modern examples have been suggested, including Xena, Warrior Princess ; to that list I would suggest adding Scarlett O’Hara and Lt. Ellen Ripley from the Alien movie franchise. However, while Victorian sensibilities required the Byronic Hero to be male, there is very little in the characteristics that are gender specific. In other words, there is almost nothing that would prevent a female character from being a Byronic Heroine.

What follows is a list of the standard characteristics of the Byronic Hero, with explanations by Mr. O’Brien as to how closely Medb fits each one. While she may not match them all, not every Byronic Hero does either.

"dark" attributes not normally associated with a hero

George Gordon Lord Byron, by Richard Westall Though not unique to the Byronic hero, this may be the single most important defining characteristic. The model for the Byronic Hero — Lord Byron himself — was described by Lady Caroline Lamb , a former lover, as mad, bad, and dangerous to know. This pretty much fits Medb quite well. Byron was not mad in the conventional sense, but was considered mad because he flaunted convention, and for his eccentric, flamboyant manner and his unpredictable temper. As such, the Byronic Hero tends to be much the same, only more so and often much worse. Medb is also unconventional and flamboyant , unpredictable, and very controversial. She is also promiscuous, a trait almost never seen in conventional heroes, especially chivalric heroes. In fact, one fan suggested I make her celibate like Red Sonja , because he found the idea of a sexually active female barbarian difficult to accept. Yet to a large extent that is the whole idea, to make her different from more conventional types of heroes. Medb is vindictive and will not hesitate to do whatever she needs to destroy an enemy. She loves fighting and combat almost as much as sex, and revels in the carnage of war. And while she can behave herself when in polite society, she is never what society would call a lady of good breeding.

emotional conflicts, bipolar tendencies, or moodiness

Lady Caroline Lamb, by Thomas Phillips If "dark" attributes are the most important defining characteristic of the Byronic Hero, the most important defining feature is moodiness, brought on by conflicting emotions. To paraphrase Joseph Conrad, the Byronic Hero wants to be a saint, but he also wants to be a devil, and it is this tension that drives him. Sometimes he is the perfect gentleman, charming, debonair, and gracious, but in an instant he can change into a ruffian, repulsive, coarse, and inconsiderate. It’s almost like Jeckle and Hyde, except not as extreme, but like his literary cousin the Byronic Hero is willing to use force to get what he wants or feels is his due, despite his own misgivings about such actions. And sometimes these mood shifts can be so extreme as to suggest a possible psychological disorder, such as bipolarism (the new label for what was called manic-depression).

Medb is not emotionally conflicted. Her seeming shifts from civilized behavior to barbaric acts are a product of the culture she was born into, not tension between a natural tendency towards violence and the desire to be civil. She does, however, have a volatile temper, easily shifting from joy to anger in an instant, as well as from hot to cold rage and back again almost as fast, but again the culture she was raised in did not teach children to suppress their true feelings. Her shifts can be somewhat extreme, and she is susceptible to black moods, but she is quite comfortable with being both a saint and a devil; in fact, she really does not distinguish between the two. Nonetheless, she shares the moodiness of the Byronic Hero even if she does not share his source for these moods.

self-criticism and introspection

The Corsair Since the moodiness of the Byronic Hero is based on an emotional conflict between his best and worst natures, he tends to second-guess just about every action he takes, whether good or bad, and often his analysis will help determine his next course of action. Thus the Byronic Hero is constantly criticizing himself even as he rejects the criticism of others. However, this is probably the weakest part of the claim that Medb is a Byronic Heroine, because in fact Medb is the opposite of self-critical. Indeed, her greatest strength, which ironically is also her greatest weakness, is her supreme self-confidence. The only time she second-guesses herself is when she finds herself in over her head, and even then her only real concern is how to free herself from her current problem. And paradoxically, every time she narrowly escapes from a tight situation, rather than learn to be more cautious, her self-confidence simply grows that much stronger. She is introspective, but no more so than the average person. However, the Byronic Hero’s self-criticism is almost never obvious to those around him. The only exception is his love interest, and even she must get past the persona he displays to understand his true nature. So the lack of self-criticism in Medb does not itself disqualify her as a Byronic Heroine.

struggle with integrity

Lord Ruthven from Glenarvon Ultimately, the "dark" attributes, emotional conflict, and self-criticism lead to the Byronic Hero battling his own integrity as he seeks to balance contradictory desires. He wants to be accepted by society, yet he also wants the freedom to act as he sees fit. He wants to be seen as a loyal friend, but he also wants to be able to pursue his own selfish ends even at the expense of others. He wants to be loved by women, but he also wants to treat them like objects he can use and then discard. He wants to be thought of as fair player, but he also wants to win. He wants to be considered generous, but he also wants to claim whatever he can take. And all the while, he constantly struggles over what is the right thing to do.

As with self-criticism, this is probably rather weak support for the claim that Medb is a Byronic Heroine. Medb does not struggle with her integrity; she has a clear vision of right and wrong derived from her personal code of honor which is based on her barbarian philosophy . Her actions only seem contradictory to those who do not understand her. This is not to say that her code is harmoniously balanced. There are times when her selfish nature conflicts with her obligations towards others, especially her friends. At such times she can struggle with trying to figure out which should take precedence. Generally, however, she will not hesitate to defend the lives of those under her protection and she tends not to exploit those who are loyal to her, nor will she take from them things they value no matter how much she may covet them. Nonetheless, she will compete with them and she will do whatever it takes to win, short of harming or killing them. Yet all of this is part of her willing, deliberate nature, not some inner ethical conflict.

a troubled past

The Vampyre In Gothic literature, much of the foregoing is based on the Byronic Hero’s troubled past. Whether his problems were of his own making or beyond his control, they largely shape who and what he becomes, and often his actions later in life are meant to compensate for or correct past wrongs. To a certain extent, this is true of Medb as well. Her mixed parentage made her an outcast in either society, and the feeling of isolation that resulted was intensified during her exile when she became the perennial outsider. As such, she had to fight for everything she felt she deserved, which often fostered additional problems. As well, her hatred of those she felt had wronged her prompted her to take actions that led to still more troubles; her exile was the direct result of her killing Elatha in revenge for his making a sex slave of her. Ultimately, the one major difference between her and the Byronic Hero was that she lived long enough to come to terms with her past and move on.

cynicism

Heathcliff, by Fritz Eichenberg All of the above inevitably leads the Byronic Hero to become a cynic, as he tends to judge others by his own point of view. There are two major definitions of cynicism . The original was of a school of Greek philosophy that rejected all conventions in favor of pursuing virtue in a simple and unmaterialistic lifestyle. Its adherents sought to become self-sufficient and to live in harmony with nature, and they rejected the idea that money, power, and fame could bring happiness. The modern, or more correctly the pop culture, definition is the belief that people are motivated in what they say and do by self-interest rather than sincerity, virtue, or altruism. In essence, pop culture cynicism consists of a scornful attitude of jaded negativity and a general distrust of the integrity or motives of other people. This is the type of cynicism the typical Byronic Hero displays.

Medb is actually closer to being the former kind of cynic than the latter. Though she can adapt to local conventions when required to do so, she still tends to reject them in favor of her own personal conventions. So also pursues her own concept of virtue, but her lifestyle is far from simple and unmaterialistic and she embraces money (more correctly material wealth), power, and fame as guarantors of happiness. In this respect she is more like an Epicurean , though in reality she is a hedonist pure and simple. She is not, however, a pop culture cynic. While she realizes people can be motivated by self-interest, she also understands that they can be motivated by sincerity, altruism, or virtue. As such, she is willing to give other people the benefit of the doubt until proven wrong, something pop culture cynics refuse to do.

disrespect of rank and privilege

Rochester, © by Paula Rego The Byronic Hero’s cynicism in turn often leads him to disregard his social betters even as he longs for their acceptance. Whereas society in general assumes that the members of high society deserve their rank and privileges due to their breeding and pedigree, the Byronic Hero sees a group of people who either grabbed power or had it given to them in some bygone age when danger threatened, but who now long after the threat has passed away continue to hold on to that power by any mean necessary. As such, any show of noblesse oblige , rather than a sincere and altruistic desire to better the lives of those less fortunate, is really just the cynical belief that if you do a few good deeds for the peasantry, they will overlook how you exploit them and let you continue out of adoration.

Medb understands both sides of the issue. As a member of the Iron Age Celtic Irish warrior elite, she embraced the warrior code which demanded that the strong protect the weak. Also, the interdependence of ancient Irish society and the fact that the tribe as a whole held power rather than the chief or king made it very difficult for the aristocracy to exploit those beneath them. However, during her exile and after her resurrection, when Medb wandered the world, she witnessed first hand many instances when the privileged members of a society exploited those beneath them and made only token efforts to better their lives. Then too, being a former queen herself, she considers herself the equal of or superior to any royal or aristocrat, so she seldom comports herself in the way they would expect of her, either because they are unaware of her former rank or because they consider her breeding or nationality substandard.

arrogance

Faust & Mephistopheles As a result of his disrespect for high society, the Byronic Hero tends to regard himself as being superior to their accident of birth because of his personal achievements in gaining his current rank. Whereas their privileges were handed to them as a gift, he had to earn his through hard work and in the face of strong opposition. Yet his arrogance goes beyond excessive pride to become hubris . Among the ancient Greeks, hubris was a great sin that usually brought about one’s own downfall. In Gothic literature, the implication is that when the Byronic Hero finally does fall, it is due to his arrogance, and if he is redeemed at all, it is because afterwards he can finally give himself wholeheartedly to the heroine.

Medb is certainly prideful, and her critics would charge that it is excessive. However, she is actually not so much arrogant as supremely self-confident, even overconfident. Nonetheless she is generally perceived as being arrogant because of her willful and stubborn nature, her general lack of humility, and her often haughty manner.

a distaste for social institutions and norms

Claude Frollo, © by Disney It is perhaps not surprising that, considering his cynicism and arrogance, and society’s tendency to ostracize him for his behavior, the Byronic Hero would develop a general loathing for established social institutions and norms, and seek to ignore, bypass, or even break them if he can. Unfortunately, this creates a vicious cycle in which with each new transgression, society snubs him even more, which encourages him to become even more disruptive, and so on. It is this that often finally triggers his ultimate downfall. Medb also tends to find certain social institutions and norms distasteful, sometimes because she opposes the ideologies and behaviors they encourage, but usually because they oppose her own ideology and behavior. She ignores them as much as she can, taking the attitude that if they leave her alone, she will leave them alone. If necessary, however, she will fight against them if they actively oppose her. In her case, though, her distaste stems from her personal code of honor, not wounded pride.

being an exile, an outcast, or an outlaw

Erik, the Phantom of the Opera All of this tends to make the Byronic Hero an outcast within society, which in turn causes him to fight even harder for recognition. If he pushes too hard he can be exiled from society, either by being shunned or expelled from the community altogether. At that point he can even become an outlaw, whether figuratively or literally. Even so, M. H. Abrams, in The Norton Anthology of English Literature , described the Byronic Hero as being “in his isolation absolutely self reliant, pursuing his own ends according to his self-generated moral code against any opposition, human or supernatural.” This may in fact be the best possible single-sentence description of the Byronic Hero, especially for Medb because she fits it perfectly. She has always been an outcast in one form or another. During the mythological Irish Bronze Age, it was at first because of her mixed parentage, then later because of all the enemies she had made, especially among the Fomóraigh. She was even exiled for it. During her exile, she was the stranger in a strange land wherever she went, at best tolerated, occasionally revered, but never fully accepted. Upon her return to Ireland, her relentless ambition to unite Ireland under her rule by force, as well as her supernatural nature and alien racial makeup, kept her isolated from the Gaels she sought to protect. And in the modern and future worlds, she is the child out of time, even in her native Ireland, forever apart from the people and societies around her. Only in the Dreamlands, itself a world of outcasts, exiles, and outlaws, did she find acceptance and some semblance of a home. Her time there taught her to come to terms with her eternally outcast state and to embrace it as a source of strength and will.

high level of intelligence and perception

Batman, © by Andy Kubert This almost goes without saying, because otherwise the Byronic Hero would not be as successful as he is usually portrayed. In fact, since the typical Byronic Hero seldom has the advantages that rank can bestow on a man, these traits may be his greatest assets. Medb is herself highly intelligent and very perceptive. She is also very experienced. She is so adept at reading people that it seems like she can read their thoughts just from their expressions, tone of voice, mannerisms, and body language. Her senses are also magically enhanced, and she has certain magical abilities that provide her with information her senses cannot. However, she is not particularly wise. While she can analyze a situation with great care and exactitude, she doesn’t always come to the right conclusion, so she can miscalculate and make serious misjudgments. She can also be fooled or mislead.

sophistication and education

Lestat de Lioncourt, © by Laura Congiu Being intelligent, the Byronic Hero is usually able to receive a fine education; some are self-taught. Prompted by his strong desire to be accepted by society, he concentrates on whatever studies will give him the sophistication he needs to properly interact with society. Medb is also well-educated, if self-taught, and eagerly seeks out new knowledge. However, her barbarian philosophy blends civilized sophistication with native savagery. As such, she can make herself at home in both a modern cosmopolitan city and a stone-age village of hunter-gatherers, though she tends to be a bit too savage for the former and a bit too sophisticated for the latter. Also, having been an aristocrat and a royal, she has some notion of proper genteel behavior among the upper class, though her warrior spirit and staunch personal honor makes her seem somewhat rough around the edges, and she can forget herself and engage in the "uncouth" behavior of a member of the Iron Age Irish warrior elite. Still, she can if necessary act in the manner expected of an aristocrat or social superior in whatever culture she finds herself in.

cunning and able to adapt

Magneto Sometimes, however, a Byronic Hero’s intelligence, perception, and education are are just not enough to succeed. In such cases, these two traits work well for him. The ability to adapt allows him to size up a situation and alter his behavior accordingly. Cunning , however is an interesting term. It has two basic meanings: sly, crafty, or clever in a deceitful manner, and skillful. A Byronic Hero must be both if he is going to make a place for himself in society.

Medb does not adapt well, because she prefers to march to her own beat, but she does tend to adopt local dress, languages, weapons, and customs to some extent in order to make her way in new territory more easily, and if necessary she can suppress her natural inclinations. However, she tends to get restless if she must do so for too long, and she eventually moves on so she can resume her normal lifestyle. She also prefers to be candid and straightforward, and she does not lie, but by her own admission she is deceitful and she can play politics like a master. When necessary she can act slyly or think in a crafty manner to neutralize an opponent’s advantages. With regard to skillful, she desires to be the best at whatever she does, especially fighting, so she trains constantly, and she seeks out the best instructors to teach her what she needs to know.

mysteriousness, magnetism and charisma

Severus Snape In Gothic literature, the Byronic Hero is presented as a mystery to the other characters. No one knows anything about his past, his family, his social standing, except whatever he might tell them. This mystery helps to empower his magnetism, for to an effete, jaded society, he can be a breath of fresh air. For the most part, however, his charisma is a direct result of his strong personality. At first this can be a positive trait, especially to the women, but in time, as his darker aspects become more obvious and his cynicism and arrogance come to the fore, it can turn negative.

Medb is a major mystery to everyone who knows her, even her mother, her few friends, and her numerous husbands, and that is exactly how she wants it. She reveals only what she wants other people to know, even about her emotional state, and that is as little as possible. People cannot help feeling strongly attracted to or repulsed by her, because of the force of her personality. She is often described as larger than life, and she has a commanding presence that engenders respect and makes her a natural leader.

social and sexual dominance

Scarlett O'Hara Whether for good or ill, the Byronic Hero’s charisma makes him a dominant force in his social relationships, and along with his innate mysteriousness also grants him sexual dominance in his personal relationships. Medb tends to dominate whatever society she is in; even when she is trying to maintain a low profile, she still dominates the local community. She also dominates any personal relationship she may have, even with a husband.

power of seduction and sexual attraction

Xena, Warrior Princess Women are often strongly attracted to the Byronic Hero because he seems virile, stronger and more forceful than the men they know, and his “bad-boy” persona can appeal to their own darker natures and sense of adventure. This, along with his sophistication and cunning maneuvers, makes him a master of seduction. Medb seldom seduces her lovers; she prefers a more straight-forward approach, namely just coming right out and announcing she wants to have sex. It tends to work, however, because her raw sexuality and animal magnetism are so strong as to be almost palpable, as well as irresistible. She can, however, be more subtle, and she has occasionally resorted to flirtation, depending upon the circumstances. Yet as in everything she is always the aggressor.

self-destructive behavior

Lt. Ellen Ripley Nonetheless, despite his more positive attributes, the Byronic Hero still tends to engage in self-destructive behavior that can lead to his own ruin. However, in this case this does not mean self-harm; i.e., it does not mean he deliberately tries to hurt himself physically (though some Byronic Heroes do engage in activities that can result in severe physical injury if things go wrong). Instead, it generally means he deliberately or sub-consciously sabotages his own achievements and relationships, either as a way of coping with stress, out of feelings of unworthiness, or from a desire to repeat the struggle for success and so prove his superiority. Abrams noted that he was driven by guilt towards "an inevitable destruction".

Medb is not self-destructive in this manner. However, her overconfidence is her greatest weakness. She believes she can handle anything, and that often causes her to "rush in where angels fear to tread." Usually, by the time she realizes she’s in over her head, it’s almost too late to get back out, yet she never seems to learn from her misjudgment. It’s almost as if, with each narrow escape, her overconfidence becomes that much stronger. As numerous people have warned her, one day it will be her undoing.

But there is one way in which she can and sometimes does sabotage her own efforts. A primary example is when she returned to Ireland after her exile, with the intention of uniting the tribes and kingdoms to prepare for the coming of the Romans. She knew she had an uphill battle, and the people living at the time made it more difficult than she had anticipated. But she ultimately failed, not because she could not control others, but because she could not control herself. She allowed herself to get caught up in the local political struggle, and she allowed her passions and the darker aspects of her personality — her vindictiveness and ambition — to get the better of her. As a result, she tried to unify Ireland through threats, intimidation, and warfare rather than through negotiation, cooperation, and alliances. And these are patterns which repeated themselves numerous times throughout her life. As well, her proclivity for having numerous lovers simultaneously, even while engaged in a "monogamous" relationship, often created problems in her personal life that then effected the larger events she was trying to influence. The point is that her unwillingness to discipline herself, and her tendency to give in to her passions and desires, can sabotage her own achievements and relationships.

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The Byronic Hero

Song of the day: Sanctified by Nine Inch Nails

Have you heard of the Byronic Hero? A Byronic hero is a protagonist, or antihero, who is romanticized but flawed. Someone much like the Romantic hero who rejects and is rejected by the society. Someone steeped with darkened, destructive, dangerous traits.

The term Byronic hero is named for the characters often portrayed in the works of the colorful English poet, Lord Byron. If you know of Lord Byron’s excessive, reckless, and scandalous life, you would probably consider that he, himself, embodied the Byronic hero.

This archetypical character (predominately male, but sometimes female) might be:

  • Defiant
  • Jaded
  • Mysterious
  • Cynical
  • Charismatic
  • Seductive
  • Proud
  • Adaptable
  • Haunted
  • Intelligent
  • An outcast
  • Sexually dominant

Sounds like a hero I can really fall in love with.

Lord Byron summed the Byronic hero up best with the last stanza in his piece The Corsair. The Corsair is written about the privateer (or pirate – depending on who you ask) Jean Laffite.

He left a corsair’s name to other times,

Linked with one virtue, and a thousand crimes.

One virtue, a thousand crimes. Hmm…that describes the pirate captains in my Romancing the Pirate series quite well. I must have a thing for the Byronic hero. A tortured soul seizes my imagination and sends my heart apitter-patter. With hands tied behind my back, I would willingly follow him. *sigh*

So, who are some Byronic heroes?

  • Heathcliff of Wuthering Heights
  • The Phantom of Phantom of the Opera
  • Robin Hood
  • Severus Snape of Harry Potter
  • Anakin/Darth Vader
  • Lestat of Interview with a Vampire
  • Wolverine of X-Men
  • Xena, Warrior Princess
  • Scarlett O’Hara
  • Achilles in the movie version of Troy
  • And of course, Captain Jack Sparrow

Can you name a Byronic hero? Who is your favorite?

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This entry was posted on Wednesday, May 9th, 2012 at 6:15 am and is filed under Craft , Jennifer , Knowledge , Research , Writing . You can follow any responses to this entry through the RSS 2.0 feed.
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35 Responses to The Byronic Hero

  1. jdfaver says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:09 am

    I’ll take Achilles for a zillion, Alex.
    *hugs*
    ~J

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  2. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:17 am

    ME, TOO, JD! Over and over again. 😉

    Like Like

  3. Savannah Chase says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:02 am

    Love me my vampire..Lestat….

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  4. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:27 am

    The vampire is a classic Byronic hero. I love Lestat, Savannah. Thanks to Lestat and Anne Rice, I fell in love with paranormal books.

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  5. Savannah Chase says:
    May 9, 2012 at 2:27 pm

    I adore the vampire genre…I can’t help it…I think Lestat is such a complicated and interesting character.

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  6. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 4:40 pm

    You are right, Savannah. Lestat is a very complicated character with deep, often disturbing human emotions that many would not explore. And yet, we love him.

    Like Like

  7. Mary Anne Landers says:
    May 9, 2012 at 4:47 pm

    Jenn: Yeah, you can have Brad Pitt as Achilles. But when it comes to sword-and-sandal movie heroes, I’ll take Steve Reeves as Hercules, thank you. He was a little before your time. But he’s still hot among peplum fans. Certain with this one!

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  8. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 5:00 pm

    You’re right, Mary Anne. I hadn’t heard of Steve Reeves. So I looked him up. Niiiice biceps, and abs, and arms…

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  9. Savannah Chase says:
    May 10, 2012 at 7:28 am

    You want to know more about him…I wouldn’t mind meeting him in real life..LOL

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  10. jbrayweber says:
    May 10, 2012 at 8:48 am

    Walking on the dark side, Savannah? LOL! See you there! Ha!

    Like Like

  11. Savannah Chase says:
    May 10, 2012 at 9:22 am

    You know it..I’ve always loved the dark side…

    Like Like

  12. Melissa Ohnoutka says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:40 am

    Love Captain Jack Sparrow! Oh, man! Where’s his picture? LOL Great post! 🙂

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  13. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:45 am

    See, Melissa, I’m keeping you guys on your toes. You’d EXPECT me to post a picture of good ol’ Jack.
    Thanks, girl!

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  14. Nancy says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:58 am

    Can’t see Heathcliffe as other than a whiney, moody baby. I don’t know most of the movie characters.
    Scarlett is not a hero byronic or otherwise. She is a survivor .
    Byron wasn’t even a Byronic hero. He wasn’t his characters.
    I had never heard before that the Corsair was wriiten about Jean Laffite. Didn’t know Laffitte was a Muslim.

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  15. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 1:12 pm

    Thanks, Nancy!

    I agree about Heathcliff. I have never found him as much of a hero at all, let alone a Byronic one. But many others feel strongly that he fits the mold.

    Scarlett is certainly a survivor. No question. But she ticks off many of the characteristic qualities found in the Byronic hero. She’s defiant, smart, highly adaptable, sexually attractive, and treated as an outcast after her husband Charles was killed.

    While Lord Byron didn’t coin the phrase, the Byronic hero shows up in many of his works. He may not be his literary characters but many scholars and historians have felt his own traits (cynical, defiant, seductive, very moody, charismatic, among several other things) embodied the Byronic hero.

    It is widely believed that the Corsair was based, in part, on Jean Lafitte as his exploits were renowned at the time. And no, Jean Lafitte was not Muslim. He was French.

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  16. staceyapurcell says:
    May 9, 2012 at 10:53 am

    One man’s hero may be another’s villain.
    It is subjective much like many things in life. One may see Scarlett as a survivor or as the hero for doing whatever it took to save the plantation and the people who lived there. One can see Robin Hood as a no account thief or a hero for giving most of the riches away to the poor.
    Heroes are a very interesting topic to study through history whether real or romanticized- would you consider Hitler a hero? There are thousands of people who all but idolized him.
    Enough academia- I love a dark hero with dark qualities…especially when it’s a good woman that helps to bring redemption! Nothing better in a book-imho.

    PS. The Corsair was loosely based on Jean Lafitte and other contemporary characters of that time. While there is no one Corsair, he embodied many qualities of the pirate Jean Lafitte.

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  17. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 1:16 pm

    Great points, Stacey.

    For those of us who had not READ Star Wars, we probably didn’t envision Darth Vader as the protagonist, let alone a Byronic hero. So, it’s true. Our perceptions of literary figures, as well as people in real life, our not necessarily linear with what others think.

    And if I hadn’t mentioned it enough already, I’m a sucker for the dark hero, too.

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  18. Mary Anne Landers says:
    May 9, 2012 at 12:57 pm

    Thank you for your post, Jenn.

    As Stacey put it, one man’s (or woman’s) hero is another’s villain. While almost all romance readers are crazy about Byronic heroes, an irreducible tiny minority of us aren’t. Guess who belongs to this small group.

    I have my my own ideas about heroism. For me, there are two basic types of heroes.

    One hearkens back to the original definition of the word in classical antiquity. He (or nowadays, she) exhibits great courage and strength (physical and/or moral), overcomes tremendous obstacles, and accomplishes wondrous deeds that benefit others. And that’s who he/she does it for, rather than for self-centered motives.

    The other kind of hero I admire is a nice guy, one who’s easy to love. A beta male. He naturally does the right thing. Which is where the problems lie. No good deed goes unpunished.

    Both types of of heroes are worlds apart from the Byronic model. And they’re rare in today’s romance fiction. So how do I find them? You guessed it. I create my own.

    BTW, there’s plenty of room for debate about some of these heroes on your list. Robin Hood, at least as I envision him, is way too much in the classical hero mold to be lumped with Heathcliff and Lestat.

    I didn’t see Achilles in the film “Troy” as much of a hero. I saw him as Brad Pitt in a breastplate.

    And Darth Vader isn’t a hero at all. In his universe he’s the ultimate embodiment of evil.

    As for that famous fictional temperamental Georgian belle with a colorful first name—okay, you see her as a heroine. Stacey sees her as a survivor. Mary Anne sees her as a pain in the ass. Well, there you have it!

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  19. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 1:53 pm

    LOL! Love your response, Mary Anne! You never disappoint.

    You’ve mentioned before your heart lies with the beta male. I know a few others that also have a fondness for them, as opposed to the Alpha. It’s you guys that keep chick flicks alive. HAHA! Don’t shoot me. I’m just kidding!!!!! 🙂

    In all honesty, where would we be without those lovable, sweet, strong, stabilized, romantic beta male? And you just can’t go wrong with the classical hero. He’s the man we grow up loving. As you as said, a man of courage and strength both physically and morally.

    And I agree that those on the list are up for debate. Certainly. And we could go on and on discussing why or why not. As I mentioned in another reply, I don’t find Heathcliff a Byronic hero at all. Some on the list fit certain Byronic molds, but not others. It is a varietal list and those on it shouldn’t be thought of as running in the same herd. And Scarlett…well, I love her, but it took me a long time to feel that way about her. She’s just so human.

    Now…about Brad Pitt as Achilles…oh, great balls of fire. For me, he nails it. Breast plate and all.

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  20. jeff7salter says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:20 pm

    How about Fox Mulder from the X-files?
    Butch Cassidy
    The Sundance Kid
    Jesse James?
    The guy named Ned _____ [Australia]

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  21. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:52 pm

    Finally! Someone giving me a list! LOL! And a great list, at that. Really good call, Jeff. Your list also brings to mind Billy the Kid (of the movie Young Guns, of course). And you’re thinking Ned Kelly.

    Thanks, Jeff!

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  22. jeff7salter says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:55 pm

    Good points, Mary Anne.
    And, Jenn — here’s another for the list: Most of the characters played by Errol Flynn. Captain Blood comes to mind … and Casanova.

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  23. Mary Anne Landers says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:23 pm

    Jeff: We’ll have to agree to disagree about Errol Flynn. I don’t see swashbucklers as Byronic heroes. Not the classic Hollywood type, anyhow. I see them as the first type of hero I describe in my longer previous comment.

    If could nitpick for a moment, which I really shouldn’t do because this is a very minor detail and I hope you don’t get mad at me: Errol Flynn never played Casanova. He played Don Juan.

    Yeah, these two have a lot in common. The main difference, probably the only meaningful one, is that Casanova was a real person.

    Don Juan wasn’t. He originated in a play. And has since turned up in quite a few other stage productions, including the famous Mozart opera. And of course, movies.

    Jenn; Thanks for the Heath Ledger bit. I haven’t kept up with movies in recent years the way I used to.

    Keep up the good work!

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  24. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:28 pm

    Good catch, Mary Anne. There are so many of the old Hollywood movies I would love to see. As a kid, I watched many. But I couldn’t tell you who starred in them much less the name of those old flicks. *sheepish grin*

    Thanks for the kind words. Always appreciated!

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  25. jeff7salter says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:58 pm

    Yes … Don Juan.
    It was Bob Hope who played Cassanova.

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  26. Mary Anne Landers says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:59 pm

    Jeff: Yeah, talk about weird casting!

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  27. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 9:24 pm

    Ah, yes, Casanova. Another character played by Heath Ledger. *swoon*
    And Errol Flynn, how did I forget about him? Thanks, Jeff!

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  28. Mary Anne Landers says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:53 pm

    Jeff: You mean Ned Kelly, the famous outlaw of 19th-century Australia? There was a movie about his quite a few years ago. He was played by—I’m not kidding—Mick Jagger.

    I dunno about Fox Mulder. He’s awfully cerebral, too much a part of the system, to be a Byronic hero. And on top of that, he has a sense of humor. But then, my definition of a Byronic hero isn’t necessarily yours. Or anyone else’s.

    Just my opinion, but if Jesse James were alive today, he wouldn’t be a romantic bandit, steeped in the aura of the Old West. He’d be just a criminal.

    As for Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid—well, they were a couple of lovable anti-heroes in that movie. As for what they were really like—well, as the saying goes: When the fact becomes legend, print the legend. That’s how most of us prefer to remember those guys.

    Thanks for replying!

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  29. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:54 pm

    There was a movie about Ned Kelly starring the late Heath Ledger, too. 🙂

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  30. jbrayweber says:
    May 9, 2012 at 8:56 pm

    Oh, and you nailed it, Mary Anne. Once criminals become legend, oftentimes they become romanticized.

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  31. girldrinkdrunk says:
    May 9, 2012 at 11:29 pm

    I’m a little late, but Paul Newman is pretty much the ultimate Byronic actor: Brick Polllitt (cat on a hot tin roof), Hud (whoa!), Lucas Jackson (cool hand luke) is the epitome of it.

    and what about the heroines:
    Selene (underworld)
    Lara Croft
    Elle (quick &the dead)

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  32. jbrayweber says:
    May 10, 2012 at 7:09 am

    I LOVE Brick! Yeah, Paul Newman certainly played a few Byronic roles. Great female list, too, Kristen. I have a little girl crush on Selene. LOL!

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  33. ellaquinnauthor says:
    May 10, 2012 at 10:28 pm

    Great post and comments.

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  34. jbrayweber says:
    May 11, 2012 at 6:59 am

    Many thanks, Ella!

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  35. SEFAC USA Inc. says:
    October 11, 2015 at 1:31 pm

    SEFAC USA Inc.

    The Byronic Hero | MUSETRACKS

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