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Č in upper- and lowercase
The grapheme Čč (Latin C with caron , also known as háček in Czech and mäkčeň in Slovak ) is used in various contexts, usually denoting the voiceless postalveolar affricate consonant [t͡ʃ] like the English ch in the word chocolate . It is represented in Unicode as U+010C (uppercase Č) and U+010D (lowercase č).
- 1 Origin
- 2 Uses
- 3 Software
- 3.1 Unicode
- 3.2 TeX/LaTeX
- 4 See also
- 5 References
Origin[ edit ]
The symbol originates with the 15th century Czech alphabet as introduced by the reforms of Jan Hus . From there, it was adopted into the Croatian alphabet by Ljudevit Gaj in 1830, and it is also used in Macedonian , Slovak ,  Slovenian ,  Bosnian , Latvian ,  Lithuanian ,  Pomak , Berber and  Montenegrin .
Uses[ edit ]
In Berber , Bosnian Latin ,
Croatian , Slovenian , Montenegrin Latin ,
Serbian Latin , Czech ,
Sorbian , Skolt Sami , and Lakota alphabets, it is the fourth letter of the alphabet. In Northern Sámi alphabet and the Baltic languages Lithuanian and Latvian , the letter is in fifth place. In Slovak it is sixth letter of the alphabet. It is also used in Pashto (equivalent to چ ), Syriac Latin alphabet and Saanich .
It is equivalent to Ч in Cyrillic and can be used in Ukrainian , Belarusian , Russian , and Bulgarian romanisations. It features more permanently in the Latinic forms of Serbian , Montenegrin , Macedonian , as well as Belarusian .
/Č/ is also used in Americanist phonetic notation .
Software[ edit ]
Representation in software follows the same rules as the háček .
Unicode[ edit ]
|Unicode name||LATIN CAPITAL LETTER C WITH CARON||LATIN SMALL LETTER C WITH CARON|
|UTF-8||196 140||C4 8C||196 141||C4 8D|
|Numeric character reference||Č||Č||č||č|
U+010C (uppercase Č—use Alt 268 for input) and U+010D (lowercase č—use Alt 269 for input) create this character. The combining character U+030C can be placed together with either c or C to generally achieve the same visual result.
TeX/LaTeX[ edit ]
In text the control sequence \vc will work. In math mode, $\checkc$ also works.
See also[ edit ]
- Cz (digraph)
- Ch (digraph)
References[ edit ]
- ^ a b c d e “č” . Croatian Encyclopedia (in Croatian). Zagreb: Miroslav Krleža Institute of Lexicography . Retrieved 3 December 2015.
- Specific letter-diacritic combinations
- Phonetic transcription symbols
- Lithuanian language
- Croatian language
- CS1 Croatian-language sources (hr)
- This page was last edited on 27 April 2018, at 13:07 (UTC).
- Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License ;
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